Posts Tagged ‘wikileaks#8217;

11
Feb

Coral Pereda, a student from IE University’s Bachelor in Communication, interviews Ibrahim Al-Marashi, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Freedom of Speech & Communication History at IE University, on the issues of public interest, journalism and government control surrounding the controversy created by the release of the Wikileaks documents.

1.To what extent do you think the cables released by Wikileaks are of public interest?

There are documents that were prior to the cables release, there were documents dealing with the warlogs in Afghanistan, the warlogs in Iraq and the cables. The documents from the warlogs are of public interest because we get a greater picture of how many civilian casualties were in both in Iraq and Afghanistan which has not been fully transparent and fully disclosed by the US government . In terms of the cables, it is in public interest in the sense that the public gets to learn how the US government functions. You can say those are public goods.

2.Do you think the information could have ever threatened national security?

The critics who argue that it is not a public good would say that it is a threat to national security particularly to American national security as well as security about the Heads of States that the cables discuss. In terms of revealing how the US conducts intelligence or diplomacy the critics would argue that it hurts America’s War on Terror. Other critics would say that the documents reveal scandalous material about the government in Tunisia and perhaps that was one of the factors that lead to the revolts. Even now Wikicables about the government of Egypt are being faxed into Egypt. In this case the information is becoming a tool of revolution. Again, it depends on your perspective. For the national security elites, whether it is in Egypt,Tunisia and the US, it is a threat. But in the case of the protesters the information is transparency. It is a public good for them.

3.How do you think Wikileaks will affect the world of journalism in the future?

Wikileaks will not affect the world of journalism because journalism has always been based on reliable sources, varying the source and seeing if the source is reliable.  And this is not new. You have always had journalism as a tool of government: if someone wants to undermine an opponent, if there’s a story which has to be released, government officials have always done so. Wikileaks is not affecting journalism . What was different was the sheer volume. There was just so much material. What was different was that new technology allowed so much material to be transferred to an USB drive. But journalism has always been searching for sources to get those stories to check on government power.

4.Do you think the organization attempts to criticize what journalism has become in the past years?

No, in fact Wikileaks says “we are a journalistic organization, we are a scientific journalist organization” in the sense that we just give our readers raw data. Julian Assange has criticized the NYT journalists for writing stories about him. But the thing is he can’t have it both ways.  He wants transparency in the US government but the journalist’s job is to always search for the story. They have responsibility to search for the story about Julian Assange as well. But that’s the only critique. Otherwise Wikileaks is now trying to sell itself as a scientific journalist outlet. Read more…

22
Dec

El profesor de Relaciones Internacionales de  IE University, Javier I. García González, ha publicado hoy un artículo en el diario El Mundo titulado “Wikileaks y la seguridad internacional, de Javier I. García González.  Leer artículo

Wikileaks y la seguridad internacional

IMPACTO DE LAS FILTRACIONES SOBRE LA DIPLOMACIA

Wikileaks ha hecho públicos menos del 1% de los 251.287 documentos del Departamento de Estado estadounidense que se ha anunciado que verán la luz. Suficiente sin embargo para conmocionar el mundo del periodismo, que anda discutiendo cuál es el papel de los medios en esta nueva época de filtraciones masivas (o robos de información) que se cuelgan en internet. Lo que no es tan evidente es la repercusión que este asunto tendrá sobre la seguridad internacional y, en particular, sobre la diplomacia. El enorme volumen de información pendiente nos hace pensar que las consecuencias del Cablegate en el conjunto de las relaciones internacionales están todavía por determinar.

Pese a la enorme repercusión pública, no se puede decir que lo visto hasta ahora sean descubrimientos sorprendentes para los interesados en la política internacional que estuvieran siguiendo con cierto detalle los asuntos que ahora se han ido desvelando en los documentos. Sin necesidad de ser un dirigente importante, un diplomático o un espía con acceso a los secretos de Estado, los aspectos fundamentales que se van recogiendo en los telegramas son cuestiones que en su mayoría se conocen porque ya han aparecido en prensa, en revistas especializadas, en coloquios o en informes y análisis de los think tanks .

Lo que piensan los funcionarios de EEUU sobre las armas nucleares de Pakistán, las opiniones árabes sobre el programa nuclear de Irán, las informaciones de las rutas africanas de la coca y la heroína, la corrupción en los estados de Asia Central, los intentos de España de levantar el embargo de armas a China o el enfado de Washington por la retirada española de Kosovo, por citar unos ejemplos, no son grandes secretos que acaba de descubrir Wikileaks ni deben sorprender a los informados redactores de internacional de los medios que los publican.

La sorpresa es más bien que estos temas ocupen las primeras páginas y no los espacios de breves donde habitualmente se encontraban. Nada se vende mejor que poniéndole un sello de confidencial o secreto, sea realmente importante o no, y hay mucho de eso en cómo se están presentando los papeles del Departamento de Estado. Read more…

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